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The Dangers of Porous Borders


Barbara Perry ,

University of Ontario Institute of Technology, CA
About Barbara
Dr. Barbara Perry is a Professor in the Faculty of Social Science and Humanities at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, and the Director of the Centre on Hate, Bias and Extremism. She has written extensively on hate crime. She is currently working in the areas of anti-Muslim violence, hate crime against LGBTQ communities, the community impacts of hate crime, and right wing extremism in Canada. She is regularly called upon by local, national and international media as an expert on hate crime and right-wing extremism.
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Tanner Mirrlees,

University of Ontario Institute of Technology, CA
About Tanner
Dr. Tanner Mirrlees is an Associate Professor in the University of Ontario Institute of Technology's Communication and Digital Media Studies program, and the Vice-President of the Canadian Communication Assocation (CCA). A critical political economist of communication and media-culture, Mirrlees is the author of Hearts and Mines: The US Empire's Culture Industry (UBC Press) and Global Entertainment Media (Routledge). His recent research collaboration with Dr. Barbara Perry and Dr. Ryan Scrivens examines the convergence of the right wing extremist music and video sharing site YouTube.
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Ryan Scrivens

Concordia University, CA
About Ryan
Dr. Ryan Scrivens is a Horizon Postdoctoral Fellow at Concordia University, working with Project SOMEONE to build resilience against hatred and radicalization leading to violence, both on-and offline. Dr. Scrivens is also a visiting researcher at teh VOX-Pol Network of Excellence and a research associate at the International CyberCrime Research Centre at Simon Fraser University.
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Donald J. Trump’s journey to the White House signaled the resurgence of right-wing populism in the United States. His campaign and his surprising electoral victory rode a wave of anti-elitism and xenophobia. He masterfully exploited the economic and cultural anxieties of white working class and petite bourgeois Americans by deflecting blame for their woes onto the “usual suspects,” among them minorities, liberals, Muslims, professionals and immigrants. His rhetoric touched a chord, and in fact emboldened and energized white supremacist ideologies, identities, movements and practices in the United States and around the world. Indeed, the Trump Effect touched Canada as well. This paper explores how the American politics of hate unleashed by Trump’s right-wing populist posturing galvanized Canadian white supremacist ideologies, identities, movements and practices. Following Trump’s win, posters plastered on telephone poles in Canadian cities invited “white people” to visit alt-right websites. Neo-Nazis spray painted swastikas on a mosque, a synagogue and a church with a black pastor. Online, a reactionary white supremacist subculture violated hate speech laws with impunity while stereotyping and demonizing nonwhite people. Most strikingly, in January 2017, Canada witnessed its most deadly homegrown terrorist incident: Alexandre Bissonnete, a right-wing extremist and Trump supporter, murdered six men at the Islamic cultural centre of Quebec City. Our paper provides an overview of the manifestations of the Trump Effect in Canada. We also contextualize the antecedents of Trump’s resonance in Canada, highlighting the conditions for and currents and characteristics of right-wing extremism in Canada.
How to Cite: Perry, B., Mirrlees, T. and Scrivens, R., 2019. The Dangers of Porous Borders. Journal of Hate Studies, 14(1), pp.53–75. DOI:
Published on 27 Feb 2019.
Peer Reviewed


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